Fish Keeping For Beginners

Fish Keeping For Beginners: 17 Tips That Will Make Your Home Aquarium A Success

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Are you looking for a hobby? Do you love fish? Then why not try keeping fish as a hobby? It’s fun, relaxing, and rewarding. Many people who do it say it’s even therapeutic.

There are lots of reasons to get started with fish keeping. Some people enjoy having a pet around. Others find it relaxing. And others find it therapeutic. But whatever your reason, here are 17 tips to help you get started.

We’ve included some resources where you can learn more about fish keeping for beginners and how to set up your first aquarium, buy supplies, and care for your new pet.

Fish Keeping For Beginners

                                                                                                   Source | Unsplash

1. Choose A Tank That Is The Right Size

When choosing a fish tank for your home, keeping the tank’s size in mind is essential. A tank that is too small will not provide enough space for your fish, and a tank that is too large will be too expensive and take up too much space.

To help you choose the correct size tank for your needs, here are some general guidelines:

A mini or starter tank may be suitable if you have a single fish or a small number of fish. These tanks range in size from 2-5 gallons and can hold up to six fish.

If you have two or more fish, consider getting an intermediate or standard-sized tank (10-40 gallons). These tanks can comfortably house up to 20-30 fish and are perfect if you want to add more fish over time or plan on having several different types of fish.

Finally, if you have a larger number of fish or want to keep multiple types of Fish simultaneously, consider getting a large aquarium (50+ gallons). These tanks offer plenty of room for all your Fish and can accommodate even the most active pet.

2. Get Enough Equipment

You will need a few pieces of equipment to get started in fish keeping. The first is a tank. A good tank for a beginner is at least 10 gallons in size. You will also need an air pump, filter, and substrate. The filter needs to be able to remove bacteria, ammonia, and nitrates. The substrate can be anything inert and doesn’t contain chemicals that could harm the fish.

The air pump kicks out oxygen so the fish can breathe, and the filtration removes all the bad stuff from the water.

3. Get Some Fish

Now that you have your equipment, it’s time to get some fish! Tropical fish are a good first choice because they are easy to take care of and don’t require much attention. You can buy them in pet stores or online.

Marine fish are also an excellent option for beginners because they come from colder water and can be more challenging to keep. You can buy them in pet stores or online, but be sure to research the different types before you make your purchase.

Once you have your fish, it’s time to start taking care of them!

Here are a few tips that will help make your home aquarium a success:

  • First, feed them once a day with fresh food.
  • Then, clean their tank every week by removing all the debris and waterfalls.
  • Provide them with hiding places if they become stressed out.
  • Monitor their water conditions and change the water as needed.
  • Finally, create an aquarium playground for them to explore!

Now that you have all the information you need to get started with fishkeeping, check out our app for beginner fishkeeping! It has a lot of great tips and tricks for keeping your Fish healthy and happy.

3. Decide On Fish Species And Their Housing Conditions

When considering which fish to keep as a beginner, you must consider the type of fish you would like to keep and their specific housing requirements.

For example, while some fish, such as cichlids and guppies, can be kept in a wide variety of habitats, including fresh water and brackish water, others are more specific and require specific water conditions.

Additionally, many different species of fish available for purchase or in captivity vary in size, temperament, and dietary needs.

4. What Should You Consider When Choosing Which Fish to Keep?

Here are some factors to consider:

  • What kind of environment do you want your fish in? Fresh or salt water? Brackish or marine?
  • What kind of fish do you want? Cichlids prefer warm temperatures, while gouramis need cooler waters. Some bottom feeders (such as plecos) can be kept in fresh and salt water, while others (such as catfish) are only suited for freshwater aquariums.
  • What size tank should you get? Some small tropical species can be housed in a 10-gallon tank, while larger tropical species require a 30 or more-gallon tank. Marine fish, such as clownfish and damselfish, can be accommodated in much smaller tanks.
  • What will you be feeding your fish? Fish need a varied diet to survive; if you’re keeping tropical species, they’ll likely require high-quality wet/dry food. On the other hand, marine fish may only need plankton or vegetable matter supplemented with live feeders such as brine shrimp or worms.

Once you’ve determined what type of fish you want, how big of a tank they’ll need, and what type of food/water they will require, it’s time to start shopping for aquarium supplies!

5. Feed Your Fish Regularly

Feeding your fish is essential to their diet and should be done regularly. Make sure to feed them a variety of food items, including fresh, live, and frozen foods. Avoid feeding them too much fish concentrate or pellets, as these can lead to overfishing and the depletion of fish stocks.

6. Add Water Conditioner To The Tank

Fish keeping for beginners can be a lot of fun but can also be challenging. One of the most important things you can do to make your experience easier is to add a water conditioner to the tank. This will help keep the water clean and healthy for your fish.

7. Check The Temperature Of The Water Constantly

One of the most important things you can do to ensure the health and longevity of your fish is to check their temperature constantly. Fish can quickly become ill or even die if their water temperature falls below a certain point.

Make sure to use a thermometer to monitor the water temperature in your aquarium or fish pond. If it falls below 68 degrees Fahrenheit, then you should take steps to raise the water’s temperature. This may include adding warmer water from a faucet, using an aquarium heater, or setting up a heated Pond Filter System.

8. Clean The Tank Regularly

One of the most important things you can do for your fish is to keep their tank clean. Regular cleaning will help reduce the number of diseases affecting your fish and make their environment more hospitable. In addition, it would be best to replace water and filter cartridges regularly, as these items can also become dirty and contribute to disease.

9. Provide Plenty of Fish-Friendly Plants

Providing a variety of fish-friendly plants in your aquarium will give your fish plenty of hiding places and provide them with something to eat. Some good options include java fern, water lettuce, and anemones.

10. Cleaning the Gravel

Regarding freshwater fishkeeping, one of the most important aspects of keeping your fish healthy and happy is ensuring that their gravel and other aquatic habitats are kept clean. Gravel can become covered in plant material and minerals, leading to disease and poor water quality for your fish.

There are a few ways to clean your gravel: you can use a gravel cleaner, use a siphon to clear the gravel quickly, or manually break up the debris with your hands. Choosing the best method for you and your fish is essential, as each approach has its benefits and drawbacks.

For example, using a gravel cleaner is fast but may not remove all the debris; using a siphon may be slower but will remove more debris; manual cleaning may be slower but will result in less stress on the fish.

It’s also important to remember that different types of gravel require different cleaning methods – for example, artificial or plastic aquarium rocks should be cleaned with water only.

In contrast, natural stones should be cleaned with water and an abrasive cleaner like sandpaper. Experienced aquarists will know how best to clean their tanks based on their specific environment and type of gravel.

11. Placing the Substrate

Fishkeeping for beginners can be a great experience, but it can be challenging to know where to start. One of the first things a beginner should do is choose the substrate they will use for their fish. Many different substrates are available, each with its benefits and drawbacks.

Some substrates are more popular than others, but they all have their place in fishkeeping. All fishkeepers should follow some general rules when choosing a substrate, but ultimately it is up to the individual to decide what works best for them and their fish.

12. Filling up the Aquarium

Filling up an aquarium can initially seem daunting, but it is not that difficult. Most people fill their tanks without even realizing it!

Here are some tips to help make the process as easy and smooth as possible:

  1. Decide on the type of fish you want to keep: Once you have chosen your fish, you will need to decide what size tank they need. Aquariums come in various sizes, from small enough for a single fish to larger tanks that accommodate multiple fish species. The smallest tanks typically hold tropical freshwater fish such as Bettas or Guppies, while larger tanks can house saltwater species such as Sharks or turtles. It is vital to match the size of the tank with the type of fish you want to keep because they all have different needs regarding water conditions and space.
  2. Choose your Fish Tank Supplies: Before filling your tank, you will need basic supplies, including a filter and water conditioner (depending on your aquarium). These can be purchased at any pet store or online retailer. Be sure to get a filter compatible with the size of the tank you have chosen that can handle the number of fish you plan to keep. Remember to buy additional supplies such as food, a tank cover, and fish decorations.
  3. Fill Your Tank: Once you have all of your supplies, it’s time to fill your tank! Use a pot or a container at least half full of water and place your filter inside. Add enough water to cover the filter and top the pot or container with more water. Make sure the water levels are correct before adding your fish.
  4. Set Up Your Aquarium: Once your tank is filled, it’s time to set it up! Open the cover and place it over the top of the tank. Please make sure the sides of the cover line up with the edges of the tank so that it forms a complete seal. You can now add your fish.
  5. Feed Your Fish: Once your fish are in the tank, it’s time to feed them! Be sure to buy quality food that is specific for fish and compatible with their water conditions. You can also find small feeders that you place inside the tank. Feed your fish once a day, preferably at night.
  6. Clean Your Tank: Messes happen, and fish poop! Make sure to clean your tank weekly by emptying the water and scrubbing down the sides and bottom with a mild soap solution. Be sure to rinse everything off before refilling the tank.
  7. Take Care of Your Fish: Like most things in life, taking care of fish is a balancing act! You must ensure they have enough food, water, and oxygen while keeping them safe from harm. Follow the guidelines outlined in this guide to make sure your fish stay happy and healthy.

13. Choosing the Right Heater & Filter

When it comes to fish keeping, one of the most important things you can do is choose the right heater and filter. A good heater will keep your fish warm, while a good filter will remove pollutants and unwanted substances from the water.

Here are some things to consider when choosing a heater and filter for your aquarium:

Heater: A good heater should maintain a temperature range of 68-86 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure you get one compatible with your tank size and type. Some models come with adjustable heaters so that you can customize the temperature for your fish.

Filter: Getting a filter that can remove pollutants and unwanted substances from the water is essential. Look for filters that are certified by Aquarium Safe or BPI (British Pharmacopeia Institute). Some filters come with built-in filtration systems, while others require you to purchase an additional unit separately.

Get a good heater and filter if you’re new to fish keeping or looking to upgrade your current tank. These two accessories will help make your home aquarium a success.

14. Filter Material

Filter material is an important consideration when keeping fish. The type of filter material will affect the quality of the water and the health of the fish. Some common types of filter material include canisters with mechanical filtration, activated carbon filtration, and waterfall filters. Choosing a filter material that will adequately clean the water and meet your specific needs for your fish is essential.

15. Water Conditions

Water conditions are also necessary when keeping fish. Ensure the water you use for your fish is clean and pollutants-free. In addition, be sure to adjust the water temperature and filter material to suit your fish’s specific needs.

16. Heating and Lighting

When it comes to keeping fish, there are a few things you’ll need to consider when it comes to heating and lighting. Fish require warm temperatures around 68 degrees Fahrenheit, so ensure you have an adequate heating system. Lighting is also vital for fish, as they need ample light to help them see and eat. Make sure you have a variety of light sources available, including fluorescent lights and LED lights.

17. Cycling The Tank

Cycling the tank is a great way to keep your fish healthy and happy. By cycling your tank, you are ensuring that the water quality remains consistent, which will help your fish thrive.

When cycling your tank, you must ensure that you do not introduce any new fish until all old fish have either died or moved on. Following these simple steps, you can keep your aquarium thriving and full of happy fish!


In conclusion, fishkeeping is a hobby that doesn’t require too much equipment or space. You can keep fish right in your kitchen sink. So whether you want to spend your weekends catching dinner or you’d rather let someone else do the dirty work, fishkeeping is perfect for beginners.

The key to success is learning how to care for your fish properly. This means feeding them regularly, cleaning their tanks, and providing them with the proper environment. Once you know these basics, you can start adding decorations like plants and aquariums to turn your home into a tropical paradise.

Related FAQ(s)

Is fish keeping a good hobby?

Yes, fish keeping can be a good hobby. It can be relaxing and therapeutic and provide a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction. In addition, fish keeping has many educational benefits, as it can teach patience, responsibility, and basic science concepts such as the nitrogen cycle.

How do you start fish keeping?

To start fish keeping, you need to set up an aquarium with the correct filtration system and add fish compatible with each other. You also need to maintain the water quality and temperature in the aquarium and feed the fish regularly.

How can I be a good fish keeper?

There are a few key things to remember to be a good fish keeper. First, it is essential to maintain a clean and well-oxygenated aquarium. This can be accomplished by performing regular water changes and using an air pump to aerate the water.

Second, it is essential to feed your fish a nutritious diet and to avoid overfeeding them. Third, it is vital to choose the right fish for your aquarium.

Is fish keeping worth it?

There are many benefits to keeping fish as pets. Fish are relatively low-maintenance animals and can provide their owners with hours of enjoyment. Fishkeeping can also be an enriching experience, both emotionally and spiritually.

Many people find that watching their fish swim around in their aquariums is calming and relaxing. In addition, fish are known to be good for your mental and physical health.

What is a fish lover called?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the individual’s preferences and cultural context. However, a fish lover could be called a pescatarian, someone who enjoys eating fish as part of their diet.

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Untold secrets and tips behind fish keeping & fish breeding

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